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Olecranon bursitis

Olecranon bursitis is inflammation and swelling behind the elbow. It usually clears on its own. Treatment could also be required in some cases to cut back the inflammation and clear any build-up of fluid.

What is the olecranon burstis?

Olecranon bursitis1

The olecranon is the top a part of the bone called the elbow bone. it is the bony a part of the rear of the elbow – the bit that you simply rest on.

A bursa is a little sac that contains alittle quantity of fluid. The fluid is analogous to the fluid in joints (synovial fluid). There are several bursae within the body, including one simply over the olecranon. Bursae facilitate to create movement smooth between bones that ‘stick out’ and also the overlying skin.

Bursitis means inflammation of a bursa. The bursa at the rear of the elbow over the olecranon is that the most typical bursa to become inflamed. Inflammation causes swelling and extra fluid to be created.

Bursitis is an inflammation of small sacs of fluid (bursae) that facilitate joints move swimmingly. outgrowth redness, which affects the outgrowth bursa at the rear of the elbow, is sometimes called Popeye elbow. this is as a result of the bump that develops at the rear of the elbow feels like the cartoon character Popeye’s elbow.

What causes olecranon bursitis?

•           Mild but continual injury is assumed to be the common cause. as an example, people that rest on their elbows plenty cause friction and continual delicate injury over the olecranon. (Fancy names are given to the current condition when the cause is evident. as an example, when it occurs in people that study while leaning on their elbows on a table, it is called ‘student’s elbow’. different names embrace ‘miner’s elbow’, ‘plumber’s elbow’, etc, when the work involves crawling a lot using elbows.)

•           One-off injury such as a blow to the rear of the elbow could set out inflammation.

•           Arthritis. One or additional bursae could become inflamed as a part of a generalised arthritis. (Note: most cases of olecranon bursitis are not related to arthritis.)

•           Infection of a bursa. this might occur if there is a cut within the skin over a bursa, that permits in germs (bacteria).

•           Unknown (idiopathic). Several cases occur for no apparent reason. However, it is possible that some of these are owing to a light injury that has been forgotten.

What are the symptoms of olecranon bursitis?

You cannot normally feel or see a bursa. If the olecranon bursa is inflamed then it causes a thickness and swelling over the rear of the elbow. The bursa can also fill with fluid and it then seems like alittle soft ball – a little like a cyst. Most cases (those not infected or related to arthritis) are painless, or are solely mildly painful. The movement of the ginglymoid joint is not affected.

If the bursa is infected (‘septic’ olecranon bursitis) then you will sometimes develop pain, redness and tenderness behind the elbow.

A bursitis related to arthritis may not be painful itself, but you will produce other symptoms related to the arthritis, such as joint pains.

How is olecranon bursitis diagnosed?

If you have got a simple case of olecranon bursitis, the doctor could also be able to diagnose it with no tests. However, scans and blood tests are generally done to rule out different causes of elbow swelling, such as infection (septic arthritis), {gout|gouty arthritis|urarthritis|arthritis} orrheumatoid arthritis. If you have got had a big injury, an X-ray may well be required to make sure there is no break (fracture).

What causes outgrowth bursitis?

There are 3 general causes of outgrowth bursitis:

•           Inflammation, like from pressure on the bursa or from inflammatory conditions. this is the most common reason for outgrowth redness.

•           A unexpected injury, like a blow to the elbow, inflicting harm or fluid buildup

•           Infection caused by any of the following:

o          An injury at the positioning of the bursa

o          An infection in tissue near the bursa that spreads to the bursa

o          A blood-borne infection. this is rare.

What are the symptoms of outgrowth bursitis?

Symptoms of outgrowth redness could include:

•           Pain, especially with movement of the elbow or pressure on the elbow.

•           Swelling. One lump may be felt within the back of the affected elbow. The swelling or lump is caused by redoubled fluid within the bursa and is tender with movement or when touched.

•           Redness, red streaking, warmth, fever, and swollen lymph nodes within the armpit caused by infection.

How is outgrowth redness diagnosed?

Your doctor will probably diagnose outgrowth redness from a medical record and physical test. If the swelling is that the results of an injury, X-rays may be necessary to see whether the elbow is fractured.

If your doctor is bothered about an infection in your elbow, he or she could drain fluid from the elbow with a needle and have the fluid tested by a lab.

How is outgrowth redness treated?

Treatment for unexpected (acute) redness could embrace drainage of excess fluid within the sac with a needle, followed by injections of medicines into the sac to decrease inflammation and promote healing.

Treatment for ongoing (chronic) redness focuses on teaching you to avoid leaning on your elbows, protective your elbows throughout sports activities with elbow pads, and using anti-inflammatory drug medicines. Antibiotic medicines may be needed to treat infection, and surgery may be needed to drain or take away (excise) the bursa.

What is the treatment for olecranon bursitis? 

•           No treatment could also be required. alittle painless thickening or swelling is common. It usually clears by itself. If alittle quantity of fluid remains once the inflammation has gone then this may be left alone. However, a large collection of fluid could also be unpleasant.

•           RICE treatment. You’ll realize the swelling improves with (R)est, (I)ce packs, (C)ompression (wearing a bandage) and (E)levation (keeping the elbow in a raised position).

•           Anti-inflammatory medication (such as Advil,naproxen, diclofenac, etc) could also be prescribed to cut back inflammation and swelling.

•           Ultrasound and electrical treatment have helped some individuals.

•           A steroid injection into the bursa could cure the problem. Steroids are good at reducing inflammation.

•           Draining the fluid (aspiration) is often done with a needle and syringe if plenty of fluid builds up. However, the fluid tends to create up again once being drained. Therefore, you’ll be suggested to wear a good pressure bandage for a minute once the fluid has been drained to forestall it build up again.

•           Surgery to remove the bursa is an option if the above don’t work.

•           Antibiotics are required if the reason behind the bursitis is an infection.

If you protect the elbow from excessive friction and rubbing it should prevent additional bouts of bursitis. This might mean using elbow pads if you wish to rest on your elbows while working.